Fertilizers. When forming 1 t of seeds soy takes out from the soil 90 kg of nitrogen, 40 kg of phosphorus and 25 kg of potassium. A manure combination (20-25 t/g and full mineral fertilizer at the rate of N30-45P60-90K45-60 provides high productivity of soy. Phosphorus-potassium tuk and manure bring under a ploughland, and nitric - in the spring under cultivation. Without nitric fertilizer high (20 c/g do not manage to be received productivity of soy.
Processing of the soil. After grains of predecessors apply system semi-steam (early plowing with 1-2 autumn cultivations of the soil), improved (two prearable hulling and late or usual zyablevy processing (hulling of an eddish and plowing on depth to 25 cm). At sufficient humidity of the soil good results are yielded by semi-steam processing of the soil. It is recommended flat fields.
Benlat and are safe for klubenkovy bacteria. They can be applied together with rizotorfiny, microcells and growth factors, processing seeds in day of crops with use of filming agents (1% - solution of KAKMTs or 3% - PVS solution). In solution of filming agent, stirring slowly, consistently add solutions of microcells (molybdenum, pine forest, etc.) and suspension of a rizotor-fin. Consumption of working liquid of 10-15 l on 1 t of seeds. Processing is carried out under a canopy, avoiding sun beams when processing, transporting seeds and their loading in a seeder.
One brush blossoms 5-8 days. Blossoming and a plodoobrazovaniye on a plant is dragged out (15-30 days). The first beans are formed in 10-15 days after the beginning of blossoming. Development of beans proceeds 15-25 days, and maturing of seeds - 10-12 days.
Depth of crops of seeds of soy which takes out cotyledons from the soil, small, 3-4 cm. It is important to put seeds in a profety and damp layer of earth for what sometimes it is necessary to increase crops depth to 5-6 cm. At early crops depth of seal of seeds is reduced, at late - increased.
Cleaning soy maturing Signs - yellowing and subsidence of leaves, a pobureniye of stalks and beans. Seeds have to get coloring peculiar to a grade, harden. The ripened beans of soy do not crack. In dry weather it is rational to move away her direct combining by "Field" with a heder of HPS-4,2, HS-5-120, HS-1500 at low (7-8 cm) a cut. Apply also a separate way of cleaning. Thresh soy the grain combine with a frequency of rotation of the drum of 500-700 rpm.
Thanks to a rich and various chemical composition soy is widely used as a food, fodder and commercial crop. It has no equal to in this regard. So, according to the maintenance of a lysine it does not concede to powdered milk and egg. It for 85-90% we will dissolve in water and well (80-95%) it is acquired. Glitsinin is capable to stvorazhivatsya.
The high effect provides ryadkovy introduction of ammophos at crops (40-50 kg/g. Soy is sympathetic on introduction of microcells of molybdenum and pine forest (process seeds together with an inokulyation them a soy rizotorfin).
The best soils for soy - loamy and sandy chernozems with good aeration. She does not transfer salinization and acidity of the soil. Optimum addition of the soil for good aeration and normal development of root system and klubenkovy bacteria are created at the density of soil of 1,10-1,25 g/cm.
On a proteinaceous complex and the content of irreplaceable amino acids (a lysine, methionine, tryptophane, etc.) the soy protein is closer to proteins of an animal origin therefore organisms of animals and the person spend the minimum efforts for transformation of soy protein to proteins of the body. High solubility of soy albumine in water (to 94%) does it by digestible food for people and a valuable forage for animals and a bird.
To a branching phase the elevated phytomass of soy grows slowly. During this period and prior to blossoming roots and klubenk accrue more intensively. Branching begins with pazushny kidneys of the 3-4th ternate leaf, and in bosoms of leaves, since the 5-6th knot, flower brushes are formed.
The soy enriching the soil with nitrogen can be one of the best predecessors for not bean grain, forage and commercial crops. The soy cleaned on a green forage - the good predecessor for winter crops.