Interest of large corporations in a of small and medium-sized enterprises — one of the main reasons of viability of grains of sand. For not washing out of a layer of small, but its connection to a production of monopolies through system of multi-phase contracts is characteristic.
Having become continuation of shops, ports reduced to a minimum need in rail transportation. Japan now almost does not know freight trains. that to deliver ton of the coked coal from Australia to Japan is cheaper, than by rail from Ruhr to Lorraine.
Anew it is from scratch easier to construct plant, than to restore the old. If, of course, to have money. But before explaining, this money in the prostrate country destroyed" from where undertook to note one more circumstance.
The conclusion arises that existence of a of the medium-sized and small enterprises appeared in conditions of Japan not a hindrance for an industry, and one of the hidden springs of this process. The rocks which directed up in many respects the greatness to the neighbourhood of grains of sand.
Not to waste time of news agency scientific researches and on introduction of new opening in production, businessmen relied on import of foreign thought, on mass loan from other countries of the advanced equipment and technology.
Secondly, thanks to system of lifelong hiring Japanese businessmen do not feel sorry for means yes qualifications of the workers, on training in their many adjacent professions, being sure that the firm will use fruits of these expenses.
The medium-sized and small enterprises give almost a of an industrial output of the leading, industrial power of the world, including about a third of Japanese export. And these enterprises where shortcomings of the equipment are compensated by intensity of work, are not limited to release of consumer or so-called "folklore" goods at all.
In a word, taking advantages sea , Japanese firms preferred to buy raw materials in the least processed look as much as possible to enrich it with human work, that is that resources to which the country is allocated in prosperity.
After all Japan which floats more than a half of the vessels which are under construction in the world which with the United States on smelting became and was ahead of them on production of cars — this created the production potential almost entirely on imported resources.
There is a well-aimed comparison: if Americans measure efficiency in time, Japanese — in a. In the country of volcanoes and earthquakes, in the country where there are too much mountains, but there is not enough business for miners, natural opportunities serve rather to that creates human work.
Let's take for an example Toyeta concern, in Japanese automotive industry. Its kernel consists of the head company and dozen of firms adjoining it. Their plants represent quite enterprises not only for level, but also under the terms of work. Workers get paid rather high for Japan there.
The Japanese monopolistic capital managed to the maximum mobilization of internal, underestimating a share of consumption and overestimating a share. It relied thus on many local features. Here and a duality of economic structure — a peculiar neighbourhood of "rocks" and ""; here and system of lifelong hiring; here,, and foundations of the traditional morals building in virtue diligence in work and moderation in life.